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Exercising Safely

If you feel safe and comfortable while exercising, you are more likely to stick to your exercise program. The guidelines below can help. If you have any questions, ask your healthcare provider.

Man and woman outdoors walking in comfortable clothes.

Dressing right

  • Wear loose-fitting clothes. Dress in layers on cool days. That way you can remove a layer if you get too warm.

  • Always wear shoes that fit well and that are designed for exercise. If you need orthotic inserts to prevent your feet from hurting, get these before exercising.

  • When it’s cool outside, wear a hat to retain your body heat.

  • To protect your eyes and skin from the sun, wear a visor or hat and use sunscreen.

Exercising safely

  • Exercise indoors when it’s too hot or too cold outside, or when the air quality is poor. Try walking at a shopping mall or walking at a reasonable pace on a treadmill.

  • Drink plenty of water before, during, and after exercise (unless you are on a water-restricted diet).

  • Check your pace. You should be able to talk without being out of breath. A good test of the right speed is to see if you can sing. If you can, you may need to increase your pace.

  • If you use medicine for angina, always carry it with you.

  • Don’t exercise on days when you are ill or if you forget to take your medicines.

  • Be sure to warm up before exercising and cool down after. This can help improve flexibility and range of motion in your joints.

  • Be sure to talk to your healthcare provider before starting an exercise program.

When to all your healthcare provider:

Call your healthcare provider if any of the following occur:

  • Have unusual increased or new joint or muscle pain

  • Have temporary palpitations or an irregular heartbeat

Call 911

Stop exercising and call 911 if any of the following occur:

  • Have chest pain, or if you feel dizzy, lightheaded, or severely weak

  • Feel burning, tightness, pressure, or heaviness in your chest, neck, shoulders, back, or arms

  • Have unusual shortness of breath

  • Have persistent palpitations or an irregular heartbeat, especially if associated with the above symptoms

Online Medical Reviewer: Ronald Karlin MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Stacey Wojcik MBA BSN RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Steven Kang MD
Date Last Reviewed: 3/1/2022
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